Waking from any nightmare leaves us filled with both fear and relief. Our mind is agitated while still being bound by that frightful imagination which masks reality. Awake, the rational mind rejects reality for its lack of consistency, while those driven by emotion are inflamed by the errors and deluded reasoning of religion. The religionist is haunted from his earliest years by images of devils, demons and hell, fear of the unknown and the unknowable. He seeks refuge in his archaic scriptures and finds comfort among those who quake at the unheard thunder of some unknowable gods. And when he can, he imposes his superstitions, his fear of the gods, upon others.
We have only recently emerged from the murky shadows of the Christian Dark Ages to find ourselves in the crepuscular dim of a New Dawn. Robbed of 1500 years of advancement, man (for until quite recently women were excluded) is rushing to discover that which the ancients could only dream. The Greek Experience which was an age of brilliant thinking and literature had itself emerged from Dark Ages of the Doric1 invasion which followed the fall of Troy. By the time Julius Caesar, spiritual enlightenment was already in eclipse and even though Cleopatra had tried to restore mysticism, Egypt had been without vortic power for nearly 1,400 years. The Egyptians had gone through other Dark Ages all of which ended in new enlightenment; but finally there was no new light.
The great spiritual powers of Summer and Egypt were but memories when the First Greek2 stole his first sheep.3 Yet it is to those more ancient cultures that we must turn in order to find what Greek reason failed to comprehend. It is hopeless to look to anything after the Romans, as little survived the "wisdom of Christianity". The Renaissance was but a dim candle in a dark cave and we must not fall into the trap of believing that Christianity's darkened light is anything equivalent to the light of the sun. After all, the "enlightenment" of the Renaissance gave us the Inquisition in which millions of women and children were burned in the name of the Christian god. The last victim of the Inquisition fell in France on July 2, 1976, just two day before the "Shot Heard Round the World" was fired on the American continent.
I was educated at a time when it was conclusively held that all knowledge came from the Greeks through the Romans. But the Greeks were a new addition to humankind, coming into existence well after Sumer was gone and the great nations of Egypt and Minoa were already ancient. It was from these other great cultures, and those which followed, that the Greeks borrowed their knowledge of myth and history. But we cannot minimize the contribution the Greeks made to the world. For if they did not invent science, medicine and mathematics, they did at least kept those disciplines alive. They did what no other people had done before, they made knowledge available for the sake of knowledge. Ptolemy, the Macedonian general who became king of Egypt after the death of his half brother, Alexander the Great, began the great work of wisdom. Under Ptolemy III Euergetes, the Egyptian city of Alexandria became the seat of learning in the ancient world. The library at Alexandria contained the collected wisdom of the known world. The original works of every great writers from the past were collected, copied and stored in that one building. No one ever dreamed that anyone would destroy these books (scrolls) simply for the sake of destruction. Even the Jews who were so intolerant of other beliefs were at least respective of education and knowledge. It was in the great library of Alexandria that the Jewish bible was preserved for them. Until the time of Nero, 400 years after Ptolemy, no one had imagined a people so hateful that they would destroy knowledge simply because it refuted their religious beliefs. And certainly, no people would ever think of destroying the wisdom of the Egyptians. Every nation and every people considered the Egyptians the wisest nation on earth.
The Egyptians had the clearest understanding of history and recorded events for at least 10,000 years. This of course goes against Christian and Jewish teachings. After all, it was the "superior" Israelites whom the Jewish god had brought out of Egypt in and Exodus. Or so their fable of the Exodus that never occurred says. Egyptian records tell it differently, claiming that the Israelites were among the "unclean" and diseased who Pharaoh Ramses IX expelled from his country in an effort to restor Egypt to its Golden Age.
The Egyptian Golden Age began when the Mothers of the Gods ruled on earth and ended long before the Egyptians came into being as a people. The Egyptian Silver Age was ruled by the Neter, the Sons of the First Goddess, when it was said that the "Gods did not disdain to rule on the earth". After the Neters - approximately 45,000 years ago - the Egyptian emerged as a people and it was then that they began to recorded the history of their people - but they were not yet in the land we call Egypt.
The history of the Egyptians cannot be separated from the history of their religion as the Egyptians were descendants of the Daughters of the Gods. They were the "Salt of the Gods" who originally lived in a land "south" of Egypt called TaNeter - the "Land of the Gods". By the time of Plato, the Greeks would change the location of the land of Egypt's origin from south of Egypt to beyond the Pillars of Hercules (Gibraltar) and call TaNeter, Atlantis. But the Egyptians considered the Greeks to be like children who were without either knowledge or understanding. Of course to the Egyptians, all others were mere mortals, descendants of animals who evolved from beastly man-like-creatures into ignorant men who were not descendants of Goddesses and Gods.4 The Egyptians saw the Greeks [and all others] as being "rocks" which were ground out of the Great Northern Mill without spiritual knowledge or understanding. The sand was the coarseness of their society which was ground out in the ages. But the Egyptians are not the focus of this work. They are important only as they impacted on Greek and Roman culture - religious worship - for it is through the Greeks and Romans that western "culture" [which we have come to accept as improvement and refinement by education and training] developed.
The Golden Age of Rome came after Kronos (Cronus)5 was overthrown by his son, Zeus, and fled to Italy where, as Saturn, He ushered in the Golden Age. It is said that as long as Saturn ruled Italy, perfect peace and happiness reigned in the land. But that was long before the founding of Rome in 1 AUC. That early in Western history it was almost universally accepted that mortals were a degeneration of a once greater people, and that they had gone from savages to civilization after their degeneration.
Even the trinity religions, Christians, Jews and Moslems, believe that humanity descended from Adam, who had been created perfect, the immortal son of their god, but that he transgressed and degenerated into a mere mortal. They obviously lacked knowledge of where they got their ideas, for as we have seen, the Jews came into existence after the Greeks, and they borrowed much of their so-called-sacred writings from the Greeks, Egyptians and the Babylonians.
When the Christian, Matthew, had Jesus say, "Ye are the salt of the earth...", he was eluding to the spiritual quality of salt in an attempt to make the Jews the spiritual descendants of the Jewish god; just as earlier writers had made Abraham a descendant of the biblical Adam. This makes the statement, "And think now to say within yourselves, `We have Abraham to our father': for I say unto you, that god is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham" somewhat easier to understand. But this reference has a double meaning as it also refers to the power given to Deucalion to turn stones into mortals being. But even the Jews knew that there was more to being the "salt of the earth" than their heritage. This is not to say that Matthew, or any Christian writer for that matter, possessed the spiritual knowledge of the Egyptians. For that knowledge, Matthew would claim that Jesus was taken to Egypt as a child, the inference being that while there Jesus obtained the knowledge of the Egyptians.
But, alas, the Jews knew little of myth, nothing of the Egyptian religions and were greatly lacking in knowledge of the spiritual. This may come as a shock to some, but when you read the great "truths" presented in the Jewish scriptures, you quickly find that many of those "truths" have been proven to be false in the passage of time. But then, the Jews came into existence during the dark ages of the Dorian invasion, about 80 years after Troy, and they were children of that same darkness.
When the Dorian tribes invaded Mycenae and Greece, all wisdom, artistic achievement and knowledge of writing was lost. The dark ages of Greece lasted nearly 300 years and in the renaissance that followed, (c. Troy 350) myth gave way to reason. Five hundred years later, Aristotle would marvel that the Greeks had already forgotten that originally the gods were the stars. Today we look at this period as the Classic Age of Greece, but the Classic Age was but a shadow of the Heroic Age which was itself but a shadow of the Age in which the Gods ruled.
The fanciful imagination of ignorant men soon turned myth into a spacial reality. The stars were no longer seen through spiritual myth, but as spacial myth which turned the starry rivers and lands of the heavens into actual rivers and countries on earth. The great minds of the day shifted from the spiritual nature of myth and culminated in the "science" of Platoism. Under the new Platonic science, the primordial waters and spiritual matter of the mystics became the scientific "Fifth Element", aether or ether [which is not to be confused with the chemical ether, used to put people to sleep]. At the time of Hesiod, (c.Troy 500) ether was a spiritual substance which made up the universe, and through which all the planets and stars moved. It was more refined than earth or water and more pure than air or fire.
Three hundred years later the Platonist had changed ether from a spiritual energy to a physical element through which all matter beyond the Moon traveled and by which all celestial matter was controlled. That concept would dominate the thinking of the most brilliant minds in western civilization for 2,400 years. In slow regression, men would turn from the esoteric knowledge they once had of spiritual fluid to rational self determination through which he could rely on logic and scientific thought. This new Platonic science would have such a profound influence on the world that it would keep later mystics from discovering the original concept of spiritual fluid, which was the origin of Ether.
By the time of Julius Caesar, (700 AUC - 53 BCE) the Romans had all but lost their gift of mysticism. In a futile attempt to retain what little knowledge was left, Caesar, who had once been an official State Augur, expanded their number of augurs to 16 and appointed the philosopher, Cicero, as one of the Presiding Three Diviners. In 707 AUC, the year after Caesar was murdered, Cicero would declare that the craft of augury had been lost. Politics, nationalism, and prejudices against Cleopatra, the supreme Mystic-High Priestess-Queen of Egypt, had made mysticism unpopular with the ruling class of Rome. Publius Ovidius Naso, (Ovid), expressed the Roman's feelings about Egypt and Cleopatra in Metamorphoses, "The Deification of Caesar" which he wrote one year and a few days after Caesar's death:
"A Roman general's Egyptian woman,
Foolish to trust that liaison, will perish
For all her threats that our own capitol
Would serve Canopus."
During the Greek period, Canopus was a city located on the Egyptian coast, about 10 miles NE of Alexandria. Canopus is also a bright star near the South Pole and represented the Goddess Nut, Queen of the Underworld. Cleopatra was High Priestess of Nut, Aset (Isis) and Hathor and held the key to Canopus, that is the gates of death.
Cleopatra's "Eastern ways" threatened Rome with an exotic religion which was so accurate in its predictions that even Cicero quaked at its power. Yet it had been Cicero who, as a Senator, had sponsored the Egyptian Temples of Isis in Rome 20 years earlier. The esoteric had given way to reason and politics, while control of the vortices had slipped slowly back into chaos. The death of Cleopatra in 723 AUC, not only announced the end of Egypt, but ushered in the "Twilight of Gods" who were thereafter destined to be lost to the world.
One hundred years later the Romans openly sneered at reliance on the divine. Seneca, the Roman philosopher and Councilor of Emperor Nero, (c. 803 AUC, 50 CE) caustically distinguished between the "reason" of the Romans and that of the concepts of the mystical Etruscans:
"The difference between us and the Etruscans is the following: whereas we believe lightning to be released as the result of the collision of clouds, they believe that clouds collide to release lightning; for as they attribute all to the deity, they are led to believe not that things have meaning in so far as they occur, but rather that they occur because they must have a meaning."
This, of course is a somewhat colored assessment of Etruscan belief, but then the Etruscans were in disfavor at the time of Nero, just as the Egyptians had been in disfavor 90 years earlier at the time of Cleopatra. Nero had succeeded the Etruscan, Claudius as Emperor of Rome; and although Claudius' had a Sabine father, his mother, Antonia, had proudly born her Etruscan heritage, and Claudius had written a twelve volume history of the Etruscans - no portion of which has survived. What we do know is that Claudius believed that once the monarchy had been gained by the Etruscans, after the death of Numa Pompilius, it remained so to the end; there being a total of seven kings in the Roman monarchy.
The Etruscans had arrived on the scene about 300 years after Troy and like the Egyptians and Babylonians, they believed in cosmic Vortices - forces which could be seen by the Initiate - and even though the Etruscan priests could not control the vortic forces, their priestesses could at least understand the spirits, call upon their powers, and control the spiritual fluids which permeated men and women. Thus, the Etruscans followed the Egyptian belief that all natural phenomenon has a metaphysical purpose. The release of lightning through the discharge of negative and positive charges in the atmosphere is a natural phenomenon which has a metaphysical causes and effect. Those who have esoteric knowledge can read the lightening - its effect, and thereby know what disturbance in nature or the spiritual caused the lightening. They also believed that the forces of nature and the Spiritual could be seen in people, revealing not only their true personality, but also their illnesses. This Spiritual energy was seen or felt to move like the fluids of a river's current in and around the person. The esoteric knowledge of the Initiate gave control not only of self, but by manipulating the Spiritual tides and flows, control of others and nature.
But the new nobles of imperial Rome no longer believed in, nor did they understand omens. Their Sabine heritage brought out open hostility towards anything Etruscan. The Sabine first appearance in central Italy about Troy 300 and tradition has them as being descendants of the Phrygians who came to Italy with Evander. The land of the Sabines was in the mountainous areas west of the Tiber and north of the Latins. It was their eponymous ancestor, Sabinus, who introduced cultivation of grapes into Italy. The legendary seizure of the Sabine women by Romulus and his followers supplied the Roman men with their wives. This became known as the Rape of the Sabine Women. But that "Rape" also gave Roman women rights which were not found among the Sabines. As Plutarch said in Lives, Lycurgus and Numa:
"These with the young men from the house go out,
With thighs that show, and robes that fly about...
"For in fact the skirts of the frock worn by unmarried girls were not sewn together at the lower part, but used to fly back and show the whole thigh bare as they walked. The thing is most distinctly given by Sophocles--
'She, also, the young maid,
Whose frock, no robe yet o'er it laid,
Folding back, leaves her bare thigh free,'
"And so their women, it is said, were bold and masculine, overbearing to their husband in the first place, absolute mistresses in their houses, giving their opinions about public matters freely, and speaking openly even on the most important subjects."
The quint essential Sabine, Numa Pompilius, disdained the Luprical heritage of Romulus, where women were given authority over men, and during the co-regency of Romulus and Tatius, Numa privately rejected the Etruscan religion. Numa however was "star favored" having been born on the day of the founding of Rome (July 5) and was personally chosen by Tatius to be the husband for his daughter Tatia, whom he married when he was seventeen. They had been married for twenty-three years (not the 13 years claimed by historians) when Numa became Second King of Rome. As king, he chose to live with Tatia among the Sabines and not at Rome. But Tatia died the year after Numa became his reign and he soon found himself drawn to the groves and fields consecrated to the Gods in Latinus and Eturia. It was in Etruscan, Tacita that he learned the "silence" of his spirit and it she who led him to the waning Vortex of the Nymph, Egeria (the black poplar) with whom he was "admitted to celestial wedlock". Of this Plutarch says:
Roman myth has it that when Numa died, Egeria mourned so bitterly that her tears were turned into the sacred well of Diana which Acca Larentia held sacred. Greek myth has Hippolytus, he son of Theseus and Hippolyta being transformed into an old man after he was killed and coming to the sacred grove of Aricia which is south of Rome and just south of the ancient Etruscan capitol of Alba. There he married Egeria and his name was changed to Virbius (twice a man).
"...though it be altogether hard, indeed, to believe, that any God or daemon is cable of a sensual or bodily love and passion for any human form or beauty. Though, indeed, the wise Egyptians do not plausibly make the distinction, that it may be possible for a divine spirit so to apply itself to the nature of a woman, as to inbreed in her the first beginning of generations, while on the other side they conclude i impossible for the male kind to have any intercourse or mixture by the body with any divinity, not considering however, that what takes place on the one side must also take place on the other; intermixture, by force of terms, is reciprocal."
Ovid chooses to combine both myths and has Hippolytus finding Egeria weeping there after Numa died, though Hippolytus lived 700 years before Numa. Egeria is still dedicated to Numa and now that she is released from her Italian Vortex she is able to bring Numa up from the shades - a strange situation to say the least for Demigods.
The Latin term, Numen, which means the divine or presiding power or spirit, is derived from Numa's power over lightening and the elements. Plutarch in Numa Pompilius, gives two versions of how he gained this power. The first has two Demigods, Picus and Faunus being made drunk by Numa and:
"...they revealed to him many secrets and future events; and particularly a charm for thunder and lightening, still in use, performed with onions and hair and pilchards. (Pilchards are small fish like the herring)
"Some say they did not tell him the charm, but by the magic brought down Jupiter out of heaven; and that he then, in an angry manner answering the inquiries told Numa that, if he would charm the thunder and lightning, he must do it with heads. `How,' said Numa, `with the heads of onions?' `No,' replied Jupiter, `of men.' But Numa, willing to elude the cruelty of this receipt, turned it another way, saying, `Your meaning is, the hair of men's heads.' `No,' replied Jupiter, `with living" --`pilchards', said Numa interrupting him. These answers he had learnt from Egeria, Jupiter returned again to heaven pacified and ileos, or propitious. The place was, in remembrance of him, called Ilicium, from this Greek word; and the spell in this manner effected.
"These stories, laughable as they are, show us the feelings which people then, by force of habit, entertained towards the deity...."
Plutarch laughed at this, as he did not know the meaning of symbolism, any more than did Herodotus 500 years earlier when he was told that the pyramids had been built by Radishes, Onions and Garlic. Neither man knew that Radishes, Onions and Garlic were the symbols for the Degrees, Minutes and Seconds used in the pyramid's construction.
As for Numen, which included the power to control lightening, we also find an interesting myth concerning Remulus, the older brother of Acrota the legendary rulers after Aeneas, who attempted to control lightening without the sanction of a Etruscan priestess and was killed by the lightening.
Under the influence of Egeria, Numa established a new religion, similar to the old, but one in with Priests replaced Priestesses. In places of the Bacchic and Lupae priestesses, he introduction of the Vestal Virgins as keepers of the flame or Rome. Still it was the Etruscan Priestesses of Etruria and Latinus who held the keys to the secret of ROMA.
Dismayed as the Sabines may have been, they were never able to ignore the Spiritual power of Etruscans, nor that of the Latins. Nor were the latter Romans able to ignore their heritage. Rome would forever be the "City of Love", "Amor", whose Mother was Acca Larentia of the sacred AMOR. Roma-Amor, the City of Love, was kept alive in the hearts of the people in their Larentian festival in which the Lupae Priestesses kept the hearts of the people vital with their open sexuality. Every Roman man kept alive the "capture" of the Sabine in the custom of carrying the bride carried across the threshold of her husbands house. Nor could the Romans forget the wedding chant of "Talasius" which was the grant to Roman Sabine women that they should do no work except to serve in spinning and no more. Roman men would try to reject this right, but failing that, they denied their women the authority to be "absolute mistresses in their houses, [or give] their opinions about public matters freely, [or] speak openly... on the most important subjects."
By the time of Nero, the Imperial Augurs no longer used their Lituus to scan the sixteen grids of the sky at the appropriate times for auspicious omens, and it was not long after Nero that the portents of fate were lost completely to western civilization.
The cosmic grid of the Earth had been drawn thousands of years before and nearly all of the Spiritual Vortices had been under control of mortals at one time or another. At the founding of Sumer 5,500 years ago, only 25% of the accessible Spiritual Vortices were still under control. By the time Rome and Babylon were founded [2700 years later] most of the world had lost its spiritual insight, and disbelief had reduced control of the Vortices to 5% or less. By the time of Caesar, less than 1% of the Vortices were under control. When Constantine came to power in 1075 AUC, there may have been one or two Vortices somewhere in the world still being used, though that is doubtful. There has not been a single Vortex controlled by any mortal in over 1300 years.
Until recently there were still Shamans and Mystics who used a Vortex to experience the spiritual, though they had neither the power nor the knowledge to pass beyond the realm of Spirits or control the Spirits of the Vortex. Instead, the Spiritual controled them. For it seems that humankind has progressed from primal instinct to spiritual knowledge, on to the wisdom of science, only to have lost everything to the ignorance of religions which have never known the Gods. And now that science has taken humankind to new heights which allow men soar the cosmos where only the gods of man's imagination once soared, it is our knowledge which keeps us from gaining an understanding of what is beyond. Humankind is without knowledge of the spirit because it is without understanding of the soul.
What modern religions teach as being spiritual is not. Often it is nothing more than physical or psychic phenomenon which the deluded believe to be spiritual. They are unable to distinguish between the spiritual and the physical, because they have never seen anything remotely spiritual.
The Dorians were one of the three Greek Orders or families, the others being the Ionic and Corinthian.
The Greeks in Homer's day were called Argive and Achaean - which is a much older name.
In Greek myth, the first thing the Greek God, Hermes, did when he was only 8 days old, was to steal the cattle of Apollo. The Greeks were shepherds who took great delight in seeing how many sheep they could steal. It is not a condemnation of their way of life, but rather an insight into it.
We find a similar belief in man's beastly origin rooted in Sumerian myth, where Enkidu, the wild-beastly-mortal-man is civilized by the seductions of a Priestess of the Goddess.
Kronos was the son of Gaea (Earth) and Uranus (the Starry Sky). Gaea came into existence with Chaos and bore Uranus (among others) by Chaos, then took Uranus as her lover. Kronos castrated his father, Uranus, with a grey flint sickle. Kronos fled to Italy in order to avoid the same fate when Zeus came to power.